There are many causes of Lower Back Pain (Lumbar Pain). Lower back pain can be a result of poor lifting and bending mechanics, not properly warming up before exercising, being in a motor vehicle accident, having arthritis, scoliosis (abnormal curvature of the spine), stiff/tight psoas muscles, or for no specific reason at all. Lower Back Pain (Lumbar Pain) can be acute (last a short period of time) or chronic (lasts for 3 weeks or longer). Depending on the severity, most lower back pain is treatable with rest, ice packs and heating pads for 20 minutes four times per day interchangeably, daily stretching, massages, NSAIDS (Advil, Aleve, Naproxen, Ibuprofen, etc.), and muscle relaxers, if necessary. To determine the cause of your lower back pain, an X-ray, an MRI, or a CT is needed.

The lumbar spine consists of five vertebrae (L1-5). (See Fig. 2 below). The nerves of the lower back innervate the legs and feet. Numbness, tingling, electrifying, shocking, and burning sensations that radiate from the lower back, down into the glutes, groin, thighs, and feet may be the result of bulging discs, pinched nerves, neural foraminal narrowing, and moderate to severe central canal stenosis. Treatment for this type of pain will require a referral to a pain management specialist for possible epidural steroid injection (ESI) or a referral for a neurosurgeon consult.

Lumbar Pain


Adams, J. (2019). Lumbar Spine, Labelled.

Kaulitzki, S. (2019). 3d rendered, medically accurate 3d illustration of the highlighted spine. [Illustration]. website provides valuable information for education purposes without providing any warranties with regards to the content provided. There are many great articles regarding Shoulder Dislocation, often rising as a result of injuries, Spine Scoliosis, issues to do with different types of Shoulder Fractures, Rotator Cuff Tears, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Rib Fractures, Hemothorax and Pneumothorax and many other such issues with causes, symptoms, and treatment information. authorizes you to view and download the materials at this website (“Site”) only for your personal, non-commercial use, provided that you retain all copyright and other proprietary notices contained in the original materials on any copies of the materials. Additionally, we do not make any representations or warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of the Information provided in this website. Internet users visiting our website agrees that the we will not have any liability to the resulting from any use of the informational material that is provided and such information is for reference and educational purposes only.